Unique smith ID (required field). Hawley IDs are currently in use.

Alternative Name

Full name (e.g. zokumei + name), alternative name or nickname, e.g. No-Sada, or a composite name stating smith's school, group or province, e.g. Rai Kunitoshi or Echizen no kami Nobuyoshi, which would make smith's record better recognizable than the formal name. See Smith names note.

Name (Kanji)

Formal smith name in Kanji. You may use Reverse Kanji Lookup page to find the most common Kanji for smith names.

Primary Record

Some smiths are recorded in Hawley's 'Japanese Swordsmiths' multiple times, by mistake or under different names. In order to remove this level of ambiguity the main record can be made 'primary' with other (secondary or duplicate) records should refer to it using this field. If unsure what primary record to choose, please leave a note in the Comments field.

Primary Record is an auto-complete field.

Auto-complete fields

Many forms on have auto-complete fields. These fields are references to the existing pages, e.g. School field in smith record can refer to any school record already published. Once you start typing, a drop-down list would appear with all possible values.

Example. You are filling the Primary Record field intending to pick a smith Sadatoshi. Type in 'sada' and a list would appear (take a note of the spinning blue watch at the right end of the field which shows the progress of the list retrieval) with all smiths which contain ‘sada’ in their names (e.g. Sadatoshi, Sukesada, Kanesada etc). Keep typing ‘sadat’ then wait until the list gets refreshed to show more precise matches (Sadatoshi, Sadatsugu, Sadatsuna etc). Once you see the right smith in the list, just select the name and it will appear in the field.

Note: Don’t be confused with the way it’s been displayed in the form (e.g. Kunimitsu [nid:4516]). It’s an internal identifier of the record which is used by site infrastructure to produce a correct reference.

By the way, this list is an example of Alternative Name in use. The list contains smiths’ alternative names (or formal name in alternative name doesn’t exist) with smith IDs in square brackets (e.g. Shintogo Kunimitsu [KUN539]). This would allow picking the correct record without the need to search for the right smith ID.

Note: currently if the list of matching record is too big, the auto-complete field can be awkward to use. This is a technological limitation which will be resolved eventually. But for the moment it is advised to type in complete records’ names (getting the most precise list of matches) in order to avoid this issue.


Old Japanese province where the smith primarily worked. If it's a modern smith or if you are aware of more detailed information (e.g. village or town where he worked, fill in Other Residence field.

Other Residence
Use this field if province where the smith worked is unknown or if he worked in several provinces (selecting the most important residence in the Province field and all others in Other Residence field) or if more detailed information is available.

Start Era

Era when the smith started working.

End Era

Era when it is known the smith stopped working. Leave this field blank if it equals to Start Era.

Start Year

The earliest year recorded when the smith was working.

End Year

The latest year recorded when the smith was working.


Choose Yes, if all information in the record is taken from a trusted source or if it is in line with the best knowledge available. This flag helps recognizing a verified trustable record from doubtful or bulk-imported information.